Anaccident is that which happens without any one's
direct intention; achance that which happens without any known cause.
If the direct cause of a
railroadaccident is known, we can not call it achance. To the theist there is, in strictness,
nochance, all things
being by divine causation and control; butchance is spoken of where no special cause is
manifest: "Bychance there came down a certain priest that way,"Luke x, 31. We can speak of a game
ofchance, but not of a
Anincident is viewed as occurring in the regular
course of things, but subordinate to the main purpose, or aside from the main design.
the result of inscrutable controlling forces.Fortune andchance are nearly equivalent,
butchance can be used
of human effort and endeavor asfortune can not be; we say "he has achance of success," or "there is
onechance in a
thousand," where we could not substitutefortune; as
personified,Fortune is regarded as having a fitful purpose,Chance as purposeless; we speak of
"Fortune favors the
The slaughter of men is anincident of battle; unexpected defeat,
Since the unintended is often the
undesirable,accident tends to signify somecalamity ordisaster, unless the contrary is expressed, as when we
say a fortunate or happyaccident.
Anadventure is that which may turn out ill,
which does turn out ill. A slight disturbingaccident is amishap.